Tag: english

Questions Related to english

At birth we have no self-image. We cannot distinguish anything from the confusion of light and sound around us. From this beginning of no-dimension, we gradually begin to differentiate our body from our environment and develop a sense of id entity, with the realisation that we are a separate and independent human being. We then begin to develop a conscience, the sense of right and wrong. Further, we develop social consciousness, where we become aware that we live with other people. Finally, we develop a sense of values, which is our overall estimation of our worth in the world. Which one of the following would be the best completion of this passage ?

  1. The sum total of all these developments we call the self-image or the self-concept.

  2. This estimation of worth is only relative to our value system.

  3. Therefore, our social consciousness is dependent on our sense of values.

  4. The sum total of living with other people and developing a sense of values makes us a total population.

Correct Option: A

According to the given question , the sum total of all these development we call the self image of the self concept is the best completion of the passage.

Mr. Samay was severely hurt while working in his factory and fell unconscious. He was rushed to a hospital by his fellow workers. In the hospital (at emergency/casualty ward) the doctors opined that he should be operated immediately. While conducting preliminary examinations, he was found to be HIV positive. The doctors are in a dilemma regarding what should they do first ___________.

  1. Doctors should operate first

  2. Doctors should inform his family members

  3. Doctors should inform his employers

  4. Doctors should not inform anyone because it would violate patient's right of privacy.

Correct Option: A

" Good faith".- Nothing is said to be done or believed in "good faith" which is done or believed without due care and attention.

Read the passage and answer the question given below. 

It must be realized to make compulsory education a success, it is absolutely necessary to make it entirely free. India is a poor country and we cannot expect our people to pay directly for the education of their children. Even in rich countries like England and U.S.A. mas education is not only free but there are many additional facilities like mid-day meal for children, free medical service, and scholarship on a generous scale. Since education is a fundamental civil and human right and basic to the health of the body politics, funds must be found for the purpose whatever the cost of the scheme. If we consider educational and cultural activities to be important, funds will be forthcoming. What we have to do is to rearrange our priority. With this in view, we have to adopt a many-sided programme of national planning and economic and industrial reconstruction. If not there will always be arguments and statistics to prove that it is impossible to introduce free, compulsory and universal education in India.

Which of the following titles is the most suitable for the passage?

  1. Compulsory education in India.

  2. Mass education and people.

  3. Need for making compulsory education free.

  4. Education for national reconstruction.

Correct Option: C

Most often then not, the first sentence of a paragraph introduces the central issue that is discussed therein. Going by this logic, the central idea of the paragraph is compulsory education and how it needs to be free in order to be a complete success. So, we can conclude that the best title for the given passage would be option C as it encapsulates the main idea of the passage.

Read the passage and answer the question that follows.

What is to be the limit of forgiveness? It would probably have been allowed by many of the ancients that an unforgiving temper was not to be commended. They would have said, we are not to exact a penalty for every nice offence; we are to overlook somethings; we are to be blind sometimes. But they would have said at the same time, we must be careful to keep our self-respect, and to be on a level with the world. On the whole, they would have said, it is the part of a man fully to requite to his friends their benefits and to his enemies their injuries.

What is the underlying tone of the passage? 

  1. We must be forgiving in general.

  2. We must forgive our friends.

  3. There is no limit whatsoever to on duty to forgive.

  4. We must always punish the wrong doer.

Correct Option: C

The author is highlighting about the goodness and forgiving nature throughout the passage. Everybody commits mistake at some point of lives and the author is trying to say that we should not take every other action seriously because it will do more harm than good. Thus option A is the correct answer. Options  B,C and D are incorrect.

Poet: "Who art thou?"
Rain: "I am the poem of the earth."
Poet: "Why have you come here?"
Rain: "To beautify my origin. I also want to give life to unborn seeds."
A poet asked the rain _____(1)_____. The rain answered that ____(2)____. The poet again asked it _____(3)_____. The rain replied that ____(4)____. It further told that ____(5)_____.

Read the following dialogue between the poet and the rain, and fill in the blank (4) with the most appropriate option.
  1. Why has it come here

  2. Why had it come here

  3. Why it had come there

  4. Why have you come there

Correct Option: C

A poet asked the rain who he was (1). The rain answered that he was the "poem of the earth"(2). The poet again asked the rain why has the rain come to earth (here)(3). The rain replied that it has come to beautify "its origins" (the earth)(4). It further told that it (rain) had come to give life to "unborn seeds" (5).

Directions for questions 96 to 100: The passage given below is followed by a set of five questions. Read the passage carefully and choose the best answer to each question out of the four alternatives.
in 776 BC the First Olympic Games were held at the foot of Mount Olympus to honour the Greeks chief God Zeus. The Greeks emphasized, physical fitness and strength in their education of youth. Therefore contests in running, jumping, discus and javelin throwing, boxing and horse and chariot racing were held in individual cities, and the winners competed every four years at Mount Olympus.Winners were greatly honoured by having poems sung about their deeds.Originally these were held as games of friendship. and any wars in progress were halted to allow the games to take place. The Greeks attached so much importance to these games that they calculated time in four-year cycles called Olympiads dating from 776 BC.
Which of the following contests was not held? 

  1. Discus throwing

  2. Skating

  3. Boxing

  4. Running

Correct Option: B

Choose the correct sentence of the given, in terms of the usage of 'colon'.

  1. In the rainy night, his eyes could focus only one thing the light house.

  2. In the rainy night, his eyes could focus only one thing: the light house.

  3. In the rainy night, his eyes: could focus only one thing the light house.

  4. None of these.

Correct Option: B
According to general rule, a colon can be used to connect two independent clauses that are closely related or, when one illustrates or explains the other.
Thus, the correct answer is Option B.
The remaining options are incorrect.
Option A does not include a colon which is necessary for a pause between the clauses.
Option C does not distinct the clauses in the sentence.

Choose the sentence(s) with the correct usage of 'colon':

  1. The cause of pollution is only one: mankind.

  2. The cause of pollution is mankind:

  3. The cause of pollution: is one, mankind.

  4. :Mankind the only cause for pollution.

Correct Option: A
According to general rule, a colon can be used to connect two independent clauses that are closely related or, when one illustrates or explains the other.
Thus, the correct answer is Option A.
The remaining options are incorrect as, the punctuation colon is not placed so as to separate clauses.

Choose the sentence with the correct usage of 'colon' in it.

  1. A balanced diet: should contain vitamins, minerals and carbohydrates.

  2. A balanced diet should contain the following: vitamins, minerals and carbohydrates.

  3. A balanced diet should contain vitamins: minerals: and carbohydrates.

  4. A balanced diet should: contain the following vitamins, minerals and carbohydrates.

Correct Option: B

Which of the given sentence is wrong in terms of the usage of 'colon' in it:

  1. Bizarre things were happening in his life: mentally and physically.

  2. The mixture contained: milk, raisins and fruits.

  3. Abdul summed up: all the three; physics, chemistry and maths.

  4. He was proud of his son: a doctor.

Correct Option: C

We need to choose the option that does NOT use the colon correctly. So, the options with the CORRECT sentences are WRONG.
The colon ':' has various functions. It is used for introducing a list, like in option B, where it introduces a list of things in the mixture: milk, raisins and fruits.
Since B has the correct sentence, option B is wrong.
The colon is also used to introduce appositives. Appositives are nouns, pronouns or noun phrases that modify or explain other nouns, pronouns and noun phrases.
This can be seen in options A and D. In A, 'mentally and physically' describes the bizarre things that were happening in his life.
In D, 'doctor' describes the profession of his son, by saying that his son was a doctor.
Since these sentences are correct, options A and D are wrong.
This leaves option C. A colon cannot be used when it appears to break the flow of the sentence, as it does in C. The colon follows directly after the verb 'summed up'.
(One should avoid using a colon after a verb or preposition.)
Since option C has the incorrect usage, it is the right answer.