Tag: geography

Questions Related to geography

In which one of the following states is terrace cultivation practised?

  1. Punjab

  2. Plains of Uttar Pradesh

  3. Haryana

  4. Uttaranchal

Correct Option: D
  • Answer is UTTARANCHAL.
  • Uttaranchal is a 86% mountainous region.
  • TERRACE is a piece of sloped plane that has been cut into a series of successively receding flat surfaces or platforms, which resemble steps, for the purposes of more effective farming . This type of landscaping, therefore, is called terracing.
  •  TERRACE CULTIVATION is the practice of cutting flat areas out of a hilly or mountainous landscape in order to grow crops. 

Choose the correct option to complete the statements given:
Which one is not a farming activity?

  1. Ploughing

  2. Harvesting

  3. Basket making

  4. Weeding

Correct Option: C

Ploughing, Harvesting, and Weeding are the farming activities.

Basket making is not a farming activity.

Ditches made between the two rows of a crop are called as _______________.

  1. Furrow

  2. Canal

  3. Line

  4. None

Correct Option: A

The ditches made between two rows of crop are called Furrow. They are made as trench or a groove on the surface of the soil. The seeds are sown into the furrows before covering them with the soil. Furrows are also made for wet irrigation crops which helps in holding the water on the top soil for a long time.

Dry farming in India is extensively practised in _______.

  1. Kanara

  2. Deccan region

  3. Coromandel plains

  4. Punjab plains

Correct Option: B

Deccan plateau is a rain deficient region having rainfall less them 100cm. Dry land farming is farming technique in which we conserve water through proper cropping, irrigation and soil management techniques.

"Slash and Burn agriculture" is the name given to _______.

  1. Shifting cultivation

  2. Mixed farming

  3. Method of potato cultivation

  4. Process of deforestation

Correct Option: A
The Slash and Burn agriculture is also known as " Podu " Cultivation or Shifting Cultivation or Jhumming Cultivation. 

In this cultivation the farmers used to clear some parts of forest by burning them. As the ash improves the fertility of soil. There they sow the seeds. After harvesting they moved their cultivation to other areas.

This was first followed in Africa and some parts of India. Now most of the countries have banned this type of Cultivation because it results to the deforestation of many forests.

The soil which is highly suitable for dry farming is _________.

  1. Desert soil

  2. Red soil

  3. Black soil

  4. Alluvial soil

Correct Option: C
Black Soil
Black Soil are characterized by their deep black colour. Their composition has a large amount of clay. This helps the black soil retain water, making them ideal for crops that require water year round. This also gives them a unique self-ploughing ability.

These soil are rich in lime, iron and magnesia. They are mainly found in the Deccan Plateau in Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Gujarat etc. They are also known as Black Cotton Soil, since cotton grows exclusively in black soil, and is one of the main cash crops in India.

Which group has correct matching, choose the correct answer from the codes given below : 

Group A Group B
(A) Tea (I) Tripura
(B) Pineapple (II) Manipur
(C) Betel nut (III) Meghalaya
(D) Mulberry (IV) Assam
  1. (A)-(I), (B)-(II), (C)-(III), (D)-(IV)

  2. (A)-(IV), (B)-(III), (C)-(I), (D)-(II)

  3. (A)-(II), (B)-(III), (C)-(IV), (D)-(I)

  4. (A)-(III), (B)-(IV), (C)-(II), (D)-(I)

Correct Option: B

             Group A                            Group B

      A. Tea                                   1. Assam
      B. Pineapple                        2.Meghalaya
      C. Betel Nut                         3.Tripura
      D.Mulberry                           4.Manipur  

Tea, coffee, rubber, pepper and cashew nut are _______ crops.

  1. Food

  2. Fibre

  3. Plantation

  4. Non-food

Correct Option: C

Tea, coffee, rubber, pepper and cashew nut are Plantation crops.

Which of the following crop is Kharif crop as well as Rabi crop?

  1. Paddy

  2. Cotton

  3. Castor seed

  4. Groundnut

Correct Option: D

The kharif crops include rice, maize, sorghum, pearl millet/bajra, finger millet/ragi (cereals), arhar (pulses), soyabean, groundnut (oilseeds), cotton etc. The rabi crops include wheat, barley, oats (cereals), chickpea/gram (pulses), linseed, mustard (oilseeds) etc.

Which type of farming is practiced in areas where the rainfall is low and irrigation facilities are inadequate?

  1. Dry farming

  2. Wet farming

  3. Plantation farming

  4. Subsistence farming

Correct Option: A

Dry farming, also called Dryland Farming, the cultivation of crops without irrigation in regions of limited moisture, typically less than 20 inches (50 centimetres) of precipitation annually.

Dry farming works to conserve soil moisture during long dry periods primarily through a system of tillage, surface protection, and the use of drought-resistant varieties. ... Dry farming is not a yield maximization strategy; rather it allows nature to dictate the true sustainability of agricultural production in a region.