Tally marks - class-IX

 Description: tally marks Number of Questions: 69 Created by: Varsha Mane Tags: data handling statistics collection of data economics planning and collecting data collection, organisation and presentation of data collecting, organising and displaying data data maths
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Primary data may be collected by __________________.

1. mailed questionnaire method

2. scheduled sent through enumerators

3. telephonic survey

4. Any of the above

Correct Option: D
Explanation:

Primary data is the data, which is collected for the first time by investigators. It is also known as raw data. It is the first-hand information. It refers to the collection of data for a specific purpose. It is original in nature. Primary data is more reliable, accurate and adequate than the secondary data. It may be collected by mailed questionnaire method, scheduled sent through enumerators and telephonic survey.

Primary data is more ________________.

1. reliable

2. accurate

4. All of above

Correct Option: D
Explanation:

Primary data is the data, which is collected for the first time by investigators. It s also known as raw data. It is the first-hand information. It refers to the collection of data for a specific purpose. It is original in nature. Primary data is more reliable, accurate and adequate than the secondary data.

Which method of data collections covers the widest area?

1. Telephone interview method

2. Direct interview method

3. Mailed questionnaire method

4. All of above

Correct Option: C
Explanation:

Under mailed questionnaire method, a well designed questionnaire is mailed to the informants with a request to fill it up and return the same within the specific time schedule. By this method, a wide range of people can be connected.

Under_________ method investigator instead of presenting himself before the informants contact them on telephone and collect the desired information.

1. telephonic survey

2. direct personal interview

3. indirect oral interview

4. questionnaire sent through enumerators

Correct Option: A
Explanation:

The quickest method to collect primary data is telephonic survey. A wide range of people can be connected through this method. People are asked questions through the use of telephone and data is collected according to their answers. Thus, under telephonic survey method, investigator instead of presenting himself before the informants contact them on telephone and collect the desired information.

Under _________, a well designed questionnaire is mailed to the informants with a request to fill it up and return the same within the specific time schedule.

1. direct personal interview method

2. mailed questionnaire method

3. information received from local agencies or correspondents

4. indirect oral interview method

Correct Option: B
Explanation:

Under mailed questionnaire method, a well designed questionnaire is mailed to the informants with a request to fill it up and return the same within the specific time schedule. By this method, a wide range of people can be connected.

Statistical data relating to any subject could be collected ______________.

1. by actual counting

2. by measurement

3. by estimation

4. Any of the avove

Correct Option: D
Explanation:

Statistical data relating to any subject could be collected by any of the following- by actual counting, by measurement and by estimation.By a system of measuring a particular information, data could be collected by measurement. Whereas, by estimation, a point estimate is calculated to obtain a statistical data.

The quickest method to collect primary data is _____________.

1. personal interview

2. indirect interview

3. mailed questionnaire method

4. telephonic survey

Correct Option: D
Explanation:

The quickest method to collect primary data is telephonic survey. A wide range of people can be connected through this method. People are asked questions through the use of telephone and data is collected according to their answers.

Identify merits/demerits of questionnaire method:
This method is likely to be the slowest of all.

1. Merit

2. Demerit

3. Both

4. None of the above

Correct Option: B
Explanation:

If a method is the slowest of all then it becomes the demerit of that method as we need the fastest computing method.

Which of the following method comes first in collecting primary and secondary data?

1. Questionnaire Method

2. Panel Method

3. Observation Method

4. Interview Method

Correct Option: C
Explanation:

In observation method, the data is collected from the field with the help of the observer.

Therefore, the observation method comes first in collecting primary and secondary data.

Which of the following is/are not the methods of collection of primary data.

1. Observation Method

2. Interview Method

3. Questionnaire Method

4. Alternative Method

Correct Option: D
Explanation:

There are various methods for the collection of primary data mainly in surveys and descriptive researches.

The observation, interview and questionnaire methods, we collect the primary data.

A list of all units under study is known as _________.

1. type of inquiry

2. the frame

3. standard of accuracy

4. method of data collection

Correct Option: B
Explanation:

Sampling Frame refers to the set of people or objects in the population from whom the information can be collected or who can be sampled for the purpose of gathering information.

Which of the following is a very costly and time-consuming method?

1. Mailed questionnaries

2. Schedules sent through enumerators

3. Information through agencies

4. Indirect oral interview

Correct Option: B
Explanation:

Schedules sent through enumerator is a method for collecting primary data in which schedules are sent to the enumerators and then they collect the data. It is a very time consuming method and costly.

The basis for all scientific sampling is ____________.

1. simple random sampling

2. systematic sampling

3. stratified sampling

4. cluster sampling

Correct Option: A
Explanation:

Scientific sampling is a process in which individuals are chosen randomly that every individual present in the population has an equal chance of getting selected without any personal biasness i.e. simple random sampling.

Simple random sample gives __________.

1. equal chance to all items in the population

2. preferences to some items in the population

3. equal chance to all items in national income

4. both (B) and (C)

Correct Option: A
Explanation:

Simple random sampling refers to the process when every individual present in the population has an equal chance of being selected without any personal judgement.

Simple random sampling can be classified into___________.

1. proportionate and disproportionate sampling

2. probability and non-probability sampling

3. systematic and Stratified sampling

4. lottery method and using the table as random numbers

Correct Option: D
Explanation:

Simple random sampling can be further classified into lottery method and using the table as random numbers as every number has an equal opportunity of being selected without giving any preference to any particular number.

The process of studying and collecting information relating to the operation and responsibilities of a specific job is known as:

1. Job evaluation

2. Job analysis

3. Job title

4. Job identification

Correct Option: B
Explanation:

Job Analysis is the process of gathering and analyzing information about the content and requirements of job as well as the  context in which job are performed. It is the process of studying and collecting information relating to the operation and responsibilities of a specific job.

What is multistage stratified random sampling?

1. Probability Sampling

2. Selective Sampling

3. Non-Probability Sampling

4. None of the above

Correct Option: A

Schedules help us in collecting ________.

1. secondary data

2. qualitative data

3. primary data

4. none of the above

Correct Option: C
Explanation:

Schedules refers to the chronological pattern of collecting data which helps us to collect primary data from the primary source for the purpose to analyse a certain situation.

Which one of the following objectives is not the objective of secondary data collection?

1. Identify the problem

2. Test the hypothesis of the relevant present problem

3. Better define the problem

4. Interpret primary data more insightfully

Correct Option: B

Which one of the following stages of the marketing research process is most expensive?

1. Data analysis

2. Data collection

3. Developing the research plan

4. Report writing

Correct Option: B
Explanation:

Data collection refers to the collection of data from several sources for the purpose of research so that the sampling process can be carried forward easily. Therefore, it is one of the most expensive process as it is required to be collected from various sources.

Unique Identification Authority of India will set up data basic for __________.

1. identity and bio metrics details of Indian residents

2. identity and bio metrics details of Indian citizens

3. identity and bio metrics details of persons residents in India or visiting India

4. all the above

Correct Option: B

Statistical data are collected only with____.

1. 100% perfection

2. a reasonable degree of accuracy

3. a reasonable degree of inaccuracy

4. all of the above

Correct Option: B
Explanation:
Statistical facts can be affected by multiple causes, there is a lot of scope for error to be embedded in the data collected, one reason is that people interviewed may be lying. There may be bias on the part of the interviewer etc. Thus large samples are taken to ensure error is reduced.

Statistical data relating to any subject could be collected____.

1. by actual counting

2. by measurement

3. by estimation

4. any of the above

Correct Option: D
Explanation:

Statistical data relating to any subject could be collected by any of the following- by actual counting, by measurement and by estimation. By a system of measuring a particular information, data could be collected by measurement. Whereas, by estimation, a point estimate is calculated to obtain a statistical data.

Statistical data of estimation should ________________.

1. be able to draw meaningful conclusion

2. have reasonable accuracy

3. both A & B

4. none of the above

Correct Option: C
Explanation:

Statistical data should be numerically expressed and collated in a way that it enables to draw conclusions. Data should be collected with a purpose in order to for it to be accurate. It can be estimated to a degree as it may be highly impossible to collect data for the entire population, thus data that has reasonable accuracy is sufficient.

The collection of statistical data must be in a _____ manner.

1. careful

2. syntematic

3. careful and systematic

4. arbitrary

Correct Option: C
Explanation:

Data should try to be collected as accurately as possible to ensure that error is minimum. As there could be undesirable consequences if the the data that is full of errors is the foundation of future research.

Some of the sources of published data are_______.

1. ILO

2. IBRD

3. WFCO

4. All of the above

Correct Option: D
Explanation:
Some of the sources of published data are:
a) ILO stands for International Labour Organization.
b) IBRD stands for International Bank for Reconstruction and Development.
c) WFCO is also a source of published data.

Secondary data is the data collected ________________.

1.  by investigation

2. from published sources

3. by conducting survey

4. Both A & C

Correct Option: B
Explanation:

Secondary data is second hand data, it is data that has already been collected (likely with a different purpose in mind) and/or published.

In order to save time and money, economists may collect their data by __________.

1. door to door survey

2. the use of censuses

3. using the earlier research papers

4. the use of samples

Correct Option: D
Explanation:

In order to  save time and money, economists may collect their data by the use of samples.An observed set of the population that has been selected for analysis is called a sample. A sample is a small part of the whole information.

Data is_______________.

1. Collectio of information about a person

2. Collection of information regarding the comparative things

3. Both A & B

4. None of the above

Correct Option: B
Explanation:

Data is collection of information regarding the comparative things. Data can consist both qualitative as well as quantitative information. It is usually formatted in a specific way.

When data is classified on the basis of attribute it is termed as________.

1. Geographical

2. Qualitative

3. Chronological

4. Both a&c

Correct Option: B
Explanation:

When data is classified on the basis of attribute it is termed as qualitative data. Qualitative data highlights the quality of the information. Attribute gets the special emphasis in analysing the data.

The estimation of consumer demand by questioning a sample of consumer is referred to as the _________________.

1. consumer survey approach

2. product survey approach

3. selling approach

4. marketing approach

Correct Option: A
Explanation:

The estimation of consumer demand by questioning a sample of consumer is referred to as the consumer survey approach. Estimation of consumer demand helps to analyse consumer's behaviour.

After doing the thorough calculation of consumer demand by setting up stimulated stores, providing a sample of consumers with money, and then allowing them to purchase and keep the commodities they select in the stores is called the ______________.

1. consumer survey approach

2. observational approach

3. consumer clinic approach

4. product research approach

Correct Option: C
Explanation:

After doing the thorough calculation of consumer demand by setting up stimulated stores, providing a sample of consumers with money, and then allowing them to purchase and keep the commodities they select in the stores is called the consumer clinic approach. It is also known as 'Laboratory type' experiment. By this approach, a sample of consumers is given a specific budget and asked to plan out their expenditure.

The entities on which data are collected is known as ___________.

1. variables

2. data sets

3. elements

4. None of the above

Correct Option: A
Explanation:

The entities on which data are collected is known as variables. A data item is also called as a variable. For example, age, sex, income, etc are referred as variables.

For checking how many students scored above $80\%$ marks in a class what should be the source of data?

1. Secondary data

2. Mailed questions

3. Direct investigation

4. Sample investigation

Correct Option: C
Explanation:

For checking how many students scored above  80% marks in class, direct investigation should be conducted to collect the necessary data. Hence, direct investigation should be the source of data. Direct investigation is conducted by collecting the data directly from the students of the respective class.

Organisations that use primary data are ____________.

1. CSO

2. Census of India

3. Central Bank of India

4. Both a & b

Correct Option: D
Explanation:

Organizations that use primary data are both- CSO(Central Statistics Office) and Census of India. Primary data is also known as raw data. It is the first hand information.

Indirect oral investigation method of collection of data is to be used when ______________.

1. the source is reluctant to give the infromation

2. when there is less time

3. when the finances are less

4. All of the above

Correct Option: A
Explanation:

Indirect oral investigation method of collection of data is to be used when the source is reluctant to give the information. People who have sufficient knowledge about the issue, are asked questions and data is obtained from their answers.

Collected data should be ______________.

1. Quantitative

2. Subjective

3. Objective

4. None of the above

Correct Option: A
Explanation:

Collected data should be quantitative. Quantitative data consists of numerical variables. It measures the counts in numerical terms.

Secondary data should be _______________.

1. accurate

2. reliable

3. suitable

4. All of the above

Correct Option: D
Explanation:

Secondary data is the second-hand information since the secondary  data is not collected or gathered by the user. It should be accurate, reliable and suitable. For example, government censs report is a secondary data.

Data collected by research institutions is ________________.

1. primary data

2. secondary unpublished data

3. secondary published data

4. All of the above

Correct Option: A
Explanation:

Primary data is also known as raw data. It is the first-hand information. Data collected or gathered by research institutions is primary data. Primary data is collected only for a specificc purpose.

How is primary data usually collected?

1. Indirect praline view

2. Telephone survey

3. Mailed questions

4. All of the above

Correct Option: D
Explanation:

Primary data is also known as raw data. It is the first hand information. It is collected by all of the following- indirect praline view, telephone survey and mailed questions.

A characteristic of interest for an elements is called __________.

1. a variable

2. an element

3. a data set

4. None of the above

Correct Option: A
Explanation:

A data item is also called as a variable. For example, age, sex, income, etc are referred as variables. A characteristic of interest of an elements is called a variable.

Which amongst there is the most expensive way of collecting data?

1. Questionnaire through enumerator

2. Telephonic survey

3. Direct personal interview

4. Indirect oral investigation

Correct Option: A
Explanation:

The most expensive way of collecting data is questionnaire through enumerator. Since the arrangements are to be done for the enumerator to question the population.

Primary data is _______________.

1. first hand information

3. original in nature

4. (A) and (C)

Correct Option: D
Explanation:

Primary data is the data, which is collected for the first time by investigators. It s also known as raw data. It is the first-hand information. It refers to the collection of data for a specific purpose. It is original in nature since it is collected directly by the user.

The sources from where primary data can be collected are known as _______________.

1. outside sources

2. secondary sources

3. primary sources

4. inside sources

Correct Option: C
Explanation:

Primary data is the data, which is collected for the first time by investigators. It s also known as raw data. It is the first-hand information. It refers to the collection of data for a specific purpose. The sources from where primary data can be collected are known as primary sources.

'Collection of data' refers to systematic recording of results -
A. By counting
B. By enumeration
Select the correct answer from the options given below -

1. B only

2. A only

3. Either A or B

4. Neither A nor B

Correct Option: C
Explanation:

'Collection of data' refers to systematic recording of results either by counting or by enumeration. Collecting data by enumeration is much more expensive than collecting data by counting.

International tourist is randomly selected on a beach in Singapore to ask how many days they spend in Singapore. Estimate the results that will be obtained by this method.

1. This method will give reliable results if many tourists are asked

2. This method will overestimate the time tourists stay in Singapore

3. This method will underestimate the time tourists stay in Singapore

4. This method will work only in sunny weather

Correct Option: B
Explanation:
Option B is correct.
If international tourists are randomly selected on a beach in Singapore to ask how many days they spend in Singapore: This method will overestimate the time tourists stay in Singapore. This is because there can be some people who may stay for very little time whereas others may have come for a long stay. This will cause the results to be unfavourable and incorrect.

Which of the following organization collect and publish the primary data?

1. Central statistical Organization (CSO)

2. Reserve Bank of India (RBI)

3. National Sample Survey (NSS)

4. All of above

Correct Option: D
Explanation:

Primary data is the data, which is collected for the first time by investigators. It s also known as raw data. It is the first-hand information. It refers to the collection of data for a specific purpose. Primary data is collected by the following organizations- Central statistical Organization, Reserve Bank of India and National Sample Survey.

For getting periodical information, the best way to seek data is to collect it ________.

1. Indirectly by oral investigation

2. Mailed questionnaire

3. Information received from local agencies

4. All of the above

Correct Option: C
Explanation:

For getting periodical information, the best way to seek data is to collect it from the information received from local agencies. Periodical information refers to the data on the regular issues. Hence, local agencies can provide the best information.

1. Primary Data

2. Unprocessed data

3. Secondary Data

4. None of above

Correct Option: C
Explanation:

Secondary data is the second-hand information as it is not collected by the user. Thus, secondary data refers to the data which is already collected and published by other authorities. For example, government census report is a secondary data.

Which of these is not a method of data collection?

1. Observation

2. Experiments

3. Interviews

4. Questionnaires

Correct Option: B
Explanation:

Experiment is not a method of data collection. Experiment is a procedure which can be repeated for indefinite times. It is also known as trial.

Secondary data is __________________.

1. first hand information

3. original in nature

4. (A) and (C)

Correct Option: B
Explanation:

Secondary data is the second-hand information since the secondary  data is not collected or gathered by the user. It should be accurate, reliable and suitable. For example, government census report is a secondary data. Thus, secondary data that we originally collected at an earlier time by a different person for a different purpose. It is already published data.

_______ method of collecting information is usually adopted by newspaper agencies.

1. Schedule sent through enumerators

2. Mailed questionnaire method

3. Information received from local agencies

4. Experiments

Correct Option: C
Explanation:

Information received from local agencies method of collecting information is usually adopted by newspaper agencies. Information received from local agencies are primary data, but when it is adopted by newspaper agencies it becomes the secondary data.

Under _______ of enquiry, the trained enumerators personally visits the informants and explain the objectives of enquiry, ask questions and record their replies.

1. direct personal interview method

2. information received from local agencies or correspondents

3. indirect oral interview method

4. questionnaire sent through enumerators methods

Correct Option: D
Explanation:

Under questionnaire sent through enumerators method  of enquiry, the trained enumerators personally visits the informants and explain the objectives of enquiry, ask questions and record their replies. More reliable and accurate data can be obtained by this method since there is a face to face communication between the informants and the investigator.

Under which of the following method, investigators collect data by contacting third-party or informants who are supposed to possess the information on the problem under investigation?

1. Indirect oral interview

2. Schedule sent through enumerators

3. Mailed questionnaire method

4. Direct personal interview

Correct Option: A
Explanation:

Under indirect oral interview method of data collection, investigators collect data by contacting third-party or informants who are supposed to possess the information on the problem under investigation. This method is usually used when the sensitive questions are to be asked, such as questions regarding income, illegal activities, etc.

Under which of the following method, investigators personally visit the respondents, ask them questions pertaining to the enquiry and collect the desired information?

1. Indirect oral interview

2. Schedule sent through enumerators

3. Mailed questionnaire method

4. Direct personal interview

Correct Option: D
Explanation:

Under direct personal interview method of data collection, investigators personally visit the respondents, ask them questions pertaining to the enquiry and collect the desired information. By this method more accurate and reliable data can be obtained as there is face to face communication.

Primary data may be collected by ______________.

1. direct personal interview

2. indirect oral interview

3. information received from local agencies or correspondents

4. Any of the above

Correct Option: D
Explanation:

Primary data is the data, which is collected for the first time by investigators. It is also known as raw data. It is the first-hand information. It refers to the collection of data for a specific purpose. It is original in nature. Primary data is more reliable, accurate and adequate than the secondary data. it may be collected by direct personal interview, indirect oral interview and by information received from local agencies or correspondents.

Which of the following terms best describes data that we originally collected at an earlier time by a different person for a different purpose?

1. Field note

2. Experimental data

3. Secondary data

4. Primary data

Correct Option: C
Explanation:

Secondary data is the second-hand information since the secondary  data is not collected or gathered by the user. It should be accurate, reliable and suitable. For example, government census report is a secondary data. Thus, secondary data that we originally collected at an earlier time by a different person for a different purpose.

Statistical data are collected only with ____________.

1. 100% accuracy

2. a reasonable degree of accuracy

3. a reasonable degree of inaccuracy

4. all of the above

Correct Option: B
Explanation:

It is not possible for statistical data to be 100% accurate. Statistical facts can be affected by multiple causes, there is a lot of scope for error to be embedded in the data collected, one reason is that there may be biases on the part of the interviewer and/or the interviewee. Thus, large samples are taken to ensure reasonable degree of accuracy.

The source note is required if  _______ is used.

1. primary data

2. secondary data

3. original data

4. exceptional data

Correct Option: B
Explanation:

The source note is required if secondary data is used since secondary data is second-hand information. It is not collected directly by the user. Therefore, source not is required.

In case of rail accident, the appropriate method of data collection is by a ________.

1. direct interview

2. personal interview

3. indirect interview

4. All of above

Correct Option: C
Explanation:

Under indirect interview method of data collection, investigators collect data by contacting third-party or informants who are supposed to possess the information on the problem under investigation. In case of rail accident, the appropriate method of data collection is by indirect interview.

Statistical survey is a scientific process of ___________.

1. collection of data

2. collection and analysis of data

3. analysis of data

4. collection and analysis of numerical data

Correct Option: D
Explanation:

Statistical survey is a scientific process of collection and analysis of numerical data. It helps to examine and analyse the characteristics of a given population. Proper statistical methodology is used to conduct statistical survey.

Which one of the following objectives is not the objective of secondary data collection?

1. Identify the problem

2. Test the hyptothesis of the relevant present problem

3. Defining the problem

4. Interpret primary data more insightfully

Correct Option: B
Explanation:

Secondary data collection are data which have already been collected for the purpose other than problem at hand. These data can be located for purposes quickly and inexpensively.

Test the hyptothesis of the relevant present problem is not an objective of secondary data collection.

Which of the following is not a method of collection of primary data.

1. Questionnaires

2. Interviews

3. Demonstration

4. Case studies

Correct Option: C
Explanation:
Primary data is the data which is observed or collected from first hand experience.The main methods of primary data are as following
Questionnaires
Interviews
Observations
Case studies
portfolios
critical incident
Questionnaire is a set or questions with a choice of answer for the purpose survey.
Interview is the technique used to understand people's attitudes,preferences or behavior.
Case studies involve measuring what is there and how it got there.
So we can see that data collected from Questionnaires,interviews and case studies will be categorized in primary data as these data is always collected from first hand experience.

Data collected in the past or other parties are called secondary data.Demonstration is a practical explanation or exhibition of how something works or is performed.So Demonstration will be categorized in Secondary data.

So option C is correct.

Identify merits/demerits of questionnaire method:

1. Merit

2. Demerit

3. Both

4. None of the above

Correct Option: A
Explanation:

If the respondents have adequate time to think give the perfect answers then this becomes the merit of the method.

In the Merits of observation method:
Subject bias is ________ if the observation is done correctly.

1. eliminated

2. selected

3. put on hold

4. None of the above

Correct Option: A
Explanation:

If the subject bias is eliminated then there is no confusion of how the subjects act in the experiment.

Therefore, if the observation is done correctly then it becomes the merit of the method.

Which of the following is/are not internal sources of secondary data.

1. Sales Report

2. Company information

4. Financial Statements

Correct Option: C
Explanation:

Business journals are not the internal source of secondary data.

Option $C$ is correct.

Identify the demerits of observation method:

1. Information provided is unlimited.

2. Information provided is limited.

3. Information provided can be limited/unlimited.

4. None of the above

Correct Option: B
Explanation:

If the information or the given data is limited then sometimes it becomes difficult and understand and answer. Therefore, it becomes the demerit of the method.

How can statistical data collected?

1. Actual counting

2. Estimation

3. Measurement

4. All of the above

Correct Option: D

________ is the data, which is collected for the first time by investigators.

1. Published data

2. Primary Data

3. Processed data

4. Secondary Data

Correct Option: B
Explanation:

Primary data is the data, which is collected for the first time by investigators. It s also known as raw data. It is the first-hand information. It refers to the collection of data for a specific purpose.

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