Poverty and its measures - class-XII
|Description: poverty and its measures|
|Number of Questions: 62|
|Created by: Palash Sundaram|
|Tags: poverty in india major problems of indian economy - poverty and unemployment poverty : challenge facing india challenges to indian economy agriculture in indian economy economics national income, poverty and unemployment understanding poverty agricultural sector the problem of poverty in india poverty and hunger social science economic planning in india poverty poverty as a challenge poverty: an economic challenge for india|
In rural areas, who of the following are not poor?
A cultivator with a land holding of 1 hectare or less than 2.5 acres is known as medium farmer. According to the government law, these farmers are not poor.
The number of insecure old age people is decreasing in our country.
The majority of elderly people in India face financial hardship because of one or both of the following reasons. Either most of them are no longer earning any income or their savings are inadequate to cover the cost of living, particularly medical care.
'Poverty ismore restrictive and limiting than anything else. If poverty and low standards continue then democracy, for all its fine institutions and ideals; ceases to be a liberating force. It must therefore aim continuously at the eradication of poverty and its companion unemployment. In other words, political democracy is not enough. It must develop into economic democracy also'.
Which of the following is not implied by the above passage?
Option (a) states that 'democracy has ceased to be a liberating force'. Thus , option (a) fails to convey the meaning implied in the argument and is incorrect.
What is the average calories required in rural areas for measuring poverty?
In India, the norm for calorie intake is 2,400 calories in rural areas and 2,200 in urban areas.
This is because the rural people are engaged in the more physical labour than the people in the urban areas.
Lack of shelter is the situation in which an individual is not able to secure and keep _____________.
In order to measure the inequalities of income and wealth which index is used?
Lack of shelter is not a major social problem in India.
Lack of shelter or homelessness is a complex social problem in India with a variety of underlying economic and social factors such as poverty, lack of affordable housing, uncertain physical and mental health, addictions, and community and family breakdown.
Poverty is a social problem not only in India but the whole world.
Poverty is one of the main causes which prohibit the people of society to live a dignified life and hence it deprives the access of the basic needs like education, health, food, clothing, housing etc. to the person.
This applies universally to all the countries in the world.
Agriculture provided on an average, ____________ level income to rural people.
In the first phase of poverty alleviation emphasis was on _______.
The economic conditions of persons engaged in non-agricultural activities in rural sector are ____________.
IWDP stands for. _______.
The tenth plan target was a poverty ratio of _________ by $2007$ & _________ by $2012$.
Various causes of poverty can be classified as economic, political & social cause (True/False).
According to the Planning Commission using Mixed Recall Period prople were below poverty line in $2009 - 10$.
Poverty can be defined as a situation in which _______.
Which of the following means relative poverty?
_____________ poverty can be considered in two senses, namely, 'absolute poverty' and 'relative poverty'.
Nurkse explains the phenomenon of poverty in terms of ______________.
Lack of basic necessities of material well being can be termed as __________.
______________ refers to denial of opportunities to live a tolerable life, to lead a long, healthy and creative life, to enjoy a decent standard of living, freedom, dignity and self-respect.
______________ refers to a situation of self-reinforcing forces in which there are certain factors that are related in a circular manner and result in continuation of poverty and under development.
Poor in the __________ sector majorly consists of landless agricultural labourers, marginal and small farmers and backward classes as well as backward tribes.
Urban poverty is an extension of ________.
In 2004-05, poverty rate was lowest in which state of India?
Vicious circle of poverty operates from which of the following aspects of the economy?
In 2004-05, poverty rate was highest in which state of India?
The essential notion of vicious circle of poverty with regards to an entire nation is that a country's poverty may by itself be a major obstacle to its development.
The concept of ___________ can be precisely summed up as 'a country is poor because it is poor'.
The UN Development Report of 2014 states that India has largest number of poor people, with about __________ of the world's extreme poor residing in India.
What is the criterion for the measurement of poverty line?
The poverty line is calculated based on the caloric requirements of adults (working class) in rural and urban areas. In rural areas it is 2400 calories and in urban areas it is 2100 calories. The poverty line is estimated periodically (normally every five years) by conducting sample surveys. These surveys are carried out by the National Sample Survey Organisation (NSSO). However, for making comparisons between developing countries, many international organisations like the World Bank use a uniform standard for the poverty line: minimum availability of the equivalent of $1 per person per day.
Uneven distribution of poverty is due to differences in _____ and _____ infrastructure in different states.
Uneven distribution of poverty is due to differences in social and economic infrastructure in different states.
What is the approximate percentage of population living Below Poverty Line in India?
As per the Census report, the percentage of population living Below Poverty Line is 27.5%.
Punjab and Haryana have succeeded in reducing poverty with the help of ____________.
Agriculture and allied fields like dairy, fisheries, animal husbandry are a major source of employment in Punjab and Haryana. So, main living of people here depends on agriculture. With the high growth rate in agriculture, these states have succeeded in reducing poverty.
The 'poorest of the poor' are those who are systematically denied equal access to their family resources in rural areas. They include _____ .
'poorest of the poor' are those who are systematically denied equal
access to their family resources in rural areas. They include women, girl children and elderly people.
The estimation of India's poverty situation is surveyed by which government agency?
The National Sample Survey Organisation (NSSO) was set up in 1950, with the idea of having a permanent survey organization to collect data on various facets of the economy. In order to assist in socio-economic planning and policy making, NSSO conducts nationwide sample surveys known as National Sample Survey (NSS). The NSS is a continuing survey in the sense that it is carried out in the form of successive “rounds”, each round usually of a year's duration covering several topics of current interest. The surveys are conducted through household interviews, using a random sample of households covering practically the entire geographical area of the country.
In 2004-05 there was around _______ percent poverty in India.
In 2004-05 there was around 21.8 percent poverty in India.
Which organization in India studies the rate of poverty and makes an estimation about it?
National Sample Survey Organisation (NSSO) conducts surveys to determine the minimum amount required by a rural or urban household to meet basic requirements and hence categorizes the population as above poverty line and below poverty line.
The population of India living below the poverty line ____________.
Till the mid-eighties the population of India living below the poverty line was declining in relative terms but increasing in absolute terms but now it is declining in absolute term also.
As per latest norms the minimum per capita per month consumption in urban area in order to not to be treated as below poverty line is _________.
For the purpose of defining poverty line which definition is adopted by the Planning Commission in India?
As per latest norms the minimum per capita per month consumption in rural area in order to not to be treated as below poverty line is ________.
According to the definition adopted by Planning Commission, a person is below poverty line if consumption of calories is less than ____________ in rural areas and less than ___________ in urban area & the corresponding cut off points are Rs. ____________ & Rs. ___________ respectively at $1979-80$ prices.
Following the recommendation of the Task Force on Projection of Minimum Needs and Effective Consumption Demand, the poverty line is defined as "the per capita monthly expenditure needed to obtain the consumption of ______ calories per-capita per day in rural areas and _____ in urban areas in the base year 1973-74."
Absolute Poverty is relevant for___.
Relative poverty is relevent for____.
In the context of Poverty, BPL stands for __________.
In relative poverty, the concept of poverty is related to distribution of____.
Minimum Standard of living is identified in the determination of____.
Minimum level of consumption standard laid down is called as________.
According to NSSO (2009 - 10) data, the percentage of people living Below Line has ______ compared to the previous (2004 - 05) data.
Based on Tendulkar Committee Report, the estimation of poverty lines as an monthly per capita expenditure for rural reas is ______ per month.
Based on Tendulkar Committee Report, the estimation of poverty lines as an monthly per capita expenditure for urban areas is ______ per month.
When poverty is related to distribution of income or consumption expenditure, it is __________.
Absolute poverty is the inability to afford the basic amenities.
Absolute poverty refers to a condition where a person does not have the minimum amount of income needed to meet the minimum requirements for one or more basic living needs over an extended period of time.
Social groups which are most vulnerable to poverty are Scheduled Castes and _____ households.
The social groups most vulnerable to poverty are the Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribe households. Both of these groups have above average levels of poverty indicators in the rural and the urban population.
What are the causes of poverty in India?
The persons who can't undertake consumption expenditure required for the minimum calorie intake fall __________.
The concept of _________ is used in India to measure the extent of poverty in India.
Which of the following can be described as a cause of poverty in India?
Political power is concentrated in the hands of the lower strata of the society in India.
Select the incorrect statement related to the estimation of poverty in India, using the code given below:
1. The poverty line in India is income based.
2. The poverty line was originally fixed in terms of income/food requirements in 1978.
3. Food requirement was based on calorie standard for individuals in rural and urban areas in 1980-the cost of procuring the foodgrains equivalent calorie was fixed as the poverty line.
Calorie intake was made the basic for determining poverty in 1978 itself. It was stipulated that the calorie standard for a typical individual in rural areas were 2400 calories and was 2100 calories in urban areas. Two committees under the chairmanships of Prof. Suresh D. Tendulkar and Dr. N.C. Saxena have submitted their reports on methodology for estimation of poverty and methodology for conducting BPL census in rural areas, respectively. Presently, NITI Aayog is working on a new methodology.