Ancient civilizations in river valleys - class-V

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Choose the correct option to complete the statements given below:
The Great Bath has been discovered in _______.

  1. Lothal

  2. Harappa

  3. Mohenjodaro

  4. Kalibangan

Correct Option: C

The Great Bath is one of the well-known structures among the ruins of the ancient Indus Valley Civilization at Mohenjo-daro in Sindh, Pakistan. Archaeological evidence indicates that the Great Bath was built in the 3rd millennium BCE, soon after the raising of the "citadel" mound on which it is located.

Choose the correct option to complete the statements given below:
Most cities had the western part _____ and ______.

  1. smaller, higher

  2. smaller, lower

  3. larger, higher

  4. larger, lower

Correct Option: A

Ring wells were used for _____.

  1. Bathing

  2. Washing clothes

  3. Irrigation

  4. Drainage

Correct Option: D

In many cities, archaeologists have found rows of pots, or ceramic rings arranged one on top of the other. These are known as ring wells. These seem to have been used as toilets in some cases, and as drains and garbage dumps

The great bath was found in the great Harappan city of ____________.

  1. Mohenjodaro

  2. Kalibangan

  3. Bhrigukaccha

  4. Harappa

Correct Option: A

Great Bath is an ancient structure at Mohenjo-daro, Pakistan. The Great Bath dates to the 3rd millennium BCE and is believed to have been used for ritual bathing. Hence, Option A is correct.

Which of the following were among the objects of terracotta fashioned by the Harrapans?
1. Bullal 
2. Toys 
3. Votive animals 
4. Axe heads 
5. Human forms 
6. Pipal leaves

  1. 1, 2 & 4

  2. 4, 5 & 6

  3. 2, 3 & 5

  4. 3, 4 & 6

Correct Option: C

The great bath of Mahanjodaro was built from ____________.

  1. Dry bricks

  2. Mud

  3. Stone

  4. Burnt bricks

Correct Option: D

More than a thousand settlements are now known from the Indus valley civilization. The civilization is known to have had a unity of culture, art, script, and technology. The largest city, Mohenjo Daro is thought to have reached a population of approximately 30,000, suggesting a total population of approximately 5 million people. Sun-dried bricks were used for infill, and burnt bricks were used for the drain and sewer linings. It would seem that a standard brick size was developed and used throughout the Indus cities.

The main entrance of the houses in Mohenjo-Daro opened  _________.

  1. In the side lane

  2. On the main road

  3. In the jungle

  4. None of the above

Correct Option: A

One of the most noteworthy characteristics of Mohen-jo-Daro was that the main entrance of the houses opened in the side lane instead of opening to the main road. This was aimed at keeping the interiors dust free and also to provide greater privacy to the inhabitants. 

Why the houses in Mohenjo-Daro were built on high plinth?

  1. To protect them from dampness or floods

  2. To protect them from earthquakes

  3. To protect them from tsunami

  4. To protect them from cyclones

Correct Option: A

The Indus valley cities faced a serious threat from annual floods. To overcome this threat Mohenjo-Daro had nine levels of occupation towering over 300 feet above the present flood plain. Excavations reveal that the city was flooded more than seven times. So the houses were built on high plinth.

Which of the following is famous for ornaments of Akik (Carnelian agate)?

  1. Khambhat

  2. Mannar

  3. Kutch

  4. Palk Bay

Correct Option: A

Among all the towns of Harappan civilization, ____________ had the best town planning.

  1. Dholavira

  2. Mohenjodaro

  3. Banwali

  4. Harappa

Correct Option: B

The meaning of the word Mohenjo-Daro is 'Mound of the dead'. It is a well planned and organized town. It has two very important buildings; The great Bath and the Great Granary. The Great Bath was perhaps used for ritualistic purposes. Located at the center of the citadel, it is remarkable for beautiful brickwork. The Great Granary, which was perhaps the largest building of the Indus Valley Civilization suggests extreme centralization as the ruling authorities must have first brought the agricultural produce here and then redistributed it.

Which of the following was the unique feature of Mohenjo-Daro, not found in any other ancient civilization?

  1. Double storeyed houses

  2. Wide roads

  3. Underground drainage system

  4. Citadels

Correct Option: C

The drainage system of Mohenjo-Daro was very impressive. Water flowed from the house into the streets which had drains. The street drains were equipped with manholes. Perhaps no other bronze age civilization gave so much importance to health and cleanliness as the Indus Valley people did.

The town planning in the Harappan Civilisation was inspired by a regard for ______.

  1. beauty and utility

  2. uniformity

  3. sanitation and public health

  4. demographic factor

Correct Option: C

Which of the following is true regarding the public bath excavated at Mohenjo-Daro?

  1. The public bath was 54.8 metres long and 32.90 metres wide and the water tank was in the centre

  2. There were small rooms for bathing and changing clothes on the periphery of the bath

  3. The public bath was used for public festivals and religious ceremonies

  4. All of the above

Correct Option: D

The most important public space of Mohenjo- Daro seems to be the Great Bath, comprising the tank which was situated in the citadel mound. It is an example of beautiful brickwork. It measures 54.8 meters long and 32.90 meters wide. Flights of steps at either end lead to the surface. There were side rooms for changing clothes. The floor of the Bath was made of burnt bricks. It is suggested that the Great Bath served ritual bathing, which has been so vital to any religious ceremony in India. So all the given statements are correct.

The Harappan Civilisation achieved far greater advancement than Sumer, Elam etc. on account of its ______.

  1. town planning

  2. metal working

  3. weights and measures

  4. seals and figures

Correct Option: A

Which of the following is true regarding the roads of Mohenjodaro?

  1. The main roads were 9.75 metres wide

  2. The small link roads crossed the major ones at right angles

  3. The roads were constructed in such a way that the winds could sweep the dust from the roads

  4. All of the above

Correct Option: D

Which of the following metals was not known to the Indus valley people?

  1. gold

  2. silver

  3. copper

  4. iron

Correct Option: D

The Indus or Harappan Civilisation is distinguished from the other contemporary civilisations by its _____.

  1. town planning

  2. underground drainage system

  3. uniformity of weights and measures

  4. large agricultural surplus

Correct Option: B

At which of the following Harappan sites a dockyard has been found?

  1. Kalibangan

  2. Lothal

  3. Suktagendor

  4. Sotka Koli

Correct Option: B

Most of the large Harappan towns had for fortifications which served the purpose of _____.

  1. safety from robbers

  2. protection against cattle raiders

  3. protection against floods

  4. All the above

Correct Option: D

The utensils of the Indus Valley people were mainly made of _____.

  1. clay

  2. copper

  3. bronze

  4. brass

Correct Option: A

Which of the following was the main port for the Indus people? 

  1. Lothal

  2. Harappa

  3. Kalibangan

  4. Mohenjodaro

Correct Option: A

The Harappas had commercial relations with _____.

  1. China

  2. Jawa

  3. Mesopotamia

  4. Burma (Now, Myanmar)

Correct Option: C

The earliest evidence of silver in India is found in the ________________.

  1. Harappan culture

  2. Chalcolithic cultures of western India

  3. Vedic Texts

  4. Silver punchmarked coins

Correct Option: A
The most common animal figure found at all the Harappan sites is ______.
  1. unihorn bull

  2. cow

  3. bull

  4. tiger

Correct Option: A

There are similarities between the seals found at Mohenjo-Daro and ______. 

  1. Egypt

  2. China

  3. Sumeria

  4. Afghanistan

Correct Option: C

The Great Bath of Indus Valley civilisation is found at ______.

  1. Harappa

  2. Mohenjo-Daro

  3. Ropar

  4. Kalibangan

Correct Option: B

Which important industry show signs of having thrived in Lothal?

  1. Pottery

  2. Shipbuilding

  3. Terracota toys

  4. Aircraft manufacture

Correct Option: B

Which of the following metals was not known to the Indus Valley people?

  1. tin

  2. lead

  3. iron

  4. copper

Correct Option: C

Most depicted animal of the Indus Valley Civilization was __________.

  1. Elephant

  2. Lion

  3. Bull

  4. Dog

Correct Option: C

The bull was the most depicted animal of the Indus Valley Civilization. It was depicted on their seals and tablets. These were Zebu Bull or humped cattle which were probably domesticated by the Harappans for agriculture. Along with Bull, Rhinoceros and Elephants were also depicted by them.

The invention of craft of spinning and weaving is associated with

  1. Middle Stone Age

  2. Early Stone age

  3. Neolithic Age

  4. Bronze Age

Correct Option: D

The earliest evidence of silver in India is found in the _____________.

  1. Harappan culture

  2. Chalcolithic cultures of Western India

  3. Vedic texts

  4. Silver punch-marked coins

Correct Option: A

Harappan culture is recognized for advanced metallurgical techniques. Archaeologists have discovered usage of copper, bronze, tin, silver and gold. It was the first time that silver was extracted and used in Indus valley Civilisation. Its usage was mainly in the ornaments such as hair beads, necklace etc. Though it was also hammered to form thin sheets which could have been used to garnish eatables such as sweets. 

The Harappan town considered to be a town of the artists and craftsmen was ________.

  1. Mohenjo-Daro

  2. Chanhudaro

  3. Harappa

  4. Lothalmenials

Correct Option: B

Figure of the god that was depicted in the seal of Indus Valley people is____________.

  1. Agni

  2. Indra

  3. Varona

  4. Pashupati

Correct Option: D

A seal referred to as Pashupati Seal found in Mohenjo-daro depicts a central human figure surrounded by four wild animals, an elephant and tiger on one side and a rhinoceros and a buffalo on the other side. Below the dais are two deer. He is believed to be the central deity and presumed to be earlier depiction of Lord Shiva.

Which of the following animal was not domesticated by the Harappans?

  1. Goat

  2. Oxen

  3. Buffalo

  4. Horse

Correct Option: D

People of Harappan civilisation had domesticated a wide variety of animals. It included camel, buffalo, sheep, dog, pig, oxen etc. Camels were used as a means of transportation while Oxen was used by farming community for cultivation. Dogs and cats were kept as pets. Other animal such as buffaloes and pigs were used as source of food. We came to know about the domesticated animals through their presence on seals and pictures engraved on tablets. Interestingly there is no evidence of Horses being domesticated during harappan period. 

Which of the following statements regarding Indus Valley Civilization is correct? 

  1. The supreme god was the Pipal God

  2. People had great artistic sense

  3. There was a great communal bath in Mohen-jodaro

  4. All of these

Correct Option: D

The Pipal tree or Acasia tree was worshipped as the tree of life which was defended by guardian spirits (such as bull, snake or goat) against evil forces such as a tiger. Artistic sense of people is visible in seals, ornaments, clay and bronze figurines. Great Bath or Public pools have been excavated at Mohan-jodaro as well as Dholavira which indicates toward a ritualistic purification bath ceremony observed by resident of Harappan civilisation.

Which of the all Harappan sites, which has the most impressive drainage system?

  1. Harappa

  2. Banawali

  3. Dhaulavira

  4. Mohenjodaro

Correct Option: A

Which one of the following Indus cities has houses with doors on the main streets?

  1. Lothal

  2. Surkotada

  3. Chanhudaro

  4. Banawali

Correct Option: A

Harappan weapons were made of ______________.

  1. stone

  2. copper

  3. bronze

  4. all the above

Correct Option: D

Match List-I (Name of Sculpture) with List-II (Discovered at) and select the correct answer using the codes given below the lists:

List-I List-II
A. Dancing girl (Bronze) 1. Harappa
B. Incomplete male torso (Grey stone) 2. Mohenjo-Daro
Small male torso (red limestone) 3. Harappa
Bust of bearded man (steatite) 4. Mohenjo-Daro
5. Kalibanga


  1. A-1 B-2 C-3 D-5

  2. A-1 B-2 C-4 D-5

  3. A-2 B-1 C-3 D-4

  4. A-1 B-3 C-2 D-4

Correct Option: C

The people of Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro culture belonged to the _________.

  1. New Stone Age

  2. Copper Age

  3. Iron Age

  4. Chalcolithic Age

Correct Option: D
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