1. Reproduction in Organisms(12)

Description: 1. Reproduction in Organisms(12)
Number of Questions: 20
Created by:
Attempted 0/20 Correct 0 Score 0

Cells become variable in morphology and function in different regions of the embryo. The process is called

  1. differentiation

  2. metamorphosis

  3. organisation

  4. rearrangement

Correct Option: A

Cellular differentiation is the process by which a cell changes from one cell type to another. Usually, this is because a less specialised type becomes a more specialised type, such as during cell growth.

Apogamy is

  1. reproduction of virus

  2. failure of fusion of gametes

  3. deyelopment of bacteria

  4. loss of function of reproduction

Correct Option: B

Apogamy was first reported by Farlow (1874). It can be defined as the development of a sporophyte directly from the gametophyte without the intervention of sex organs and gametes

Tapetum is

  1. protective

  2. reproductive

  3. respiratory

  4. nutritive

Correct Option: C

Tapetum is the innermost layer of the wall of pollen sac. The tapetum is nutritive in function. The tapetal cells are multinucleate and contain Ubish bodies.

If root of flowering plant has 24 chromosomes then its gamete has how many chromosomes?

  1. 24

  2. 12

  3. 4

  4. 8

Correct Option: B

Root is the main plant body and it isalways diploid (2n).

Wind pollination is common in

  1. lilies

  2. grasses

  3. orchids

  4. legumes

Correct Option: B

Pollination by wind (anemophily) is more common amongst abiotic pollinations. It is quite common in grasses.  

Egg apparatus of angiosperms consist of

  1. one synergid and two egg cells

  2. two synergids and one egg cell

  3. one central cell, two synergids and three antipodal cells

  4. one egg cell, two polar nuclei and three antipodal cells

Correct Option: D

In embryo sac of angiosperm, egg apparatus occurs towards micropylar pole and generally organises by two synergids and one egg cell. Egg cell has a large vacuole at its upper end and a prominent nucleus near its lower end. Synergids show a filiform apparatus attached to their upper wall. It is known to attract and guide the pollen tube. Each of the synergids has a vacuole at its lower end and the nucleus at its upper end.  

Embryo developed from the somatic cells are called

  1. cybrids

  2. embryoid

  3. callus

  4. hybrids

Correct Option: B

When the somatic cells are cultured and the culture is made stationary, each cell starts differentiating into an independent embryo showing all the stages of embryo development. These embryos are called embryoids, which can give rise to a complete plant.

Ornithophily refers to the pollination by which of the following?

  1. Insects

  2. Birds

  3. Snails

  4. Air

Correct Option: B

Allogamous pollination performed by birds is called omithophily. Entomophily is pollination carried out by insects.

Sperms are produced in

  1. Vas deferens

  2. Spermatocytes

  3. Seminiferous tubules

  4. None of the above

Correct Option: C

Seminiferous tubules are located within the testes, and are the specific location of meiosis, and the subsequent creation of gametes, namely spermatozoa.

The fertilisation membrane is secreted because it

  1. checks the entry of more sperms after fertilisation

  2. checks the entry of antigens in ovum

  3. represents the left out tail of the sperm

  4. represents the plasma membrane of the sperm

Correct Option: A

Fertilization membrane is the membrane that forms around a fertilised ovum and prevents penetration by additional spermatozoon.

Gestation period of 280 days is calculated from time of

  1. Last menstruation

  2. Fertilization

  3. Next menstruation

  4. Puberty

Correct Option: A

The gestation period of a human, from time of conception to birth is approximately 9 months (266 days/38 Weeks). It is calculated from the first day of the last menstrual period.

AIDS is caused by

  1. Fungus

  2. Virus

  3. Bacterium

  4. Helminth

Correct Option: B

AIDS is caused by Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV).

Egg of Frog is

  1. Moderately telolecithal and mesolecithal

  2. Heavily telolecithal and polylecithal

  3. Microlecithal and homolecithal

  4. Polylecithal and centrolecithal

Correct Option: A

Telolecithal also known as macrolecithal, refers to the uneven distribution of yolk in the cytoplasm of ovums found in birds, reptiles, fish, and monotremes. Mesolecithal eggs have comparatively more yolk than the microlecithal eggs. The yolk is concentrated in one part of the egg (the vegetal pole), with the cell nucleus and most of the cytoplasm in the other (the animal pole).

Gonads are derived from

  1. Mesoderm

  2. Endoderm

  3. Ectoderm

  4. All the three layers

Correct Option: A

In all bilaterian animals, the mesoderm is one of the three primary germ layers in the very early embryo. The other two layers are the ectoderm (outside layer) and endoderm (inside layer), with the mesoderm as the middle layer between them.The mesoderm forms mesenchyme (connective tissue), mesothelium, non-epithelial blood cells and coelomocytes. Mesothelium lines coeloms; forms the muscles in a process known as myogenesis, septa (cross-wise partitions) and mesenteries (length-wise partitions); and forms part of the gonads (the rest being the gametes)

Termination of gastrulation is indicated by

  1. Obliteration of blastocoel

  2. Obliteration of archenteron

  3. Closure of blastopore

  4. Closure of neural tube

Correct Option: D


Hormone responsible for ovulation and development of corpus luteum is

  1. FSH

  2. LH

  3. LTH

  4. ICSH

Correct Option: B

an acute rise of LH ("LH surge") triggers ovulation and development of the corpus luteum. In males, where LH had also been called interstitial cell-stimulating hormone (ICSH),

 During cleavage, nucleocytoplasmic ratio is

  1. Maintained

  2. Decreased

  3. Increased

  4. Variable

Correct Option: C

During cleavage the volume of cytoplasm is increased.

In frog micromeres contain

  1. Large amount of yolk

  2. Little amount of yolk

  3. Normal yolk

  4. No yolk

Correct Option: D

The macromeres contain the largest amount of yolk but micromeres contain no yolk.

Acrosome is made up of

  1. Mitochondria

  2. Centrioles

  3. Golgi bodies

  4. Ribosomes

Correct Option: C

Acrosome is a cap-like structure derived from the Golgi apparatus.

Which of the following cells in the male gonad, represent haploid cells?

  1. Sperniatogonial cells

  2. Germinal epithelial cells

  3. Secondary spermatocytes

  4. Primary spermatocytes

Correct Option: C

Secondary spermatocytes are haploid whereas primary spermatocytes are diploid.

- Hide questions