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Computer Fundamentals

Description: Test to Check Basic Computer Programming Skills in Computers
Number of Questions: 25
Created by:
Tags: Computer Basic Fundamentals Computer Fundamentals Fundamental of Computers Basics of Computers Computer Knowledge WAN Hardware Letter A Letter B Letter C Letter D Letter E
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A group of terminals that operate together is called

  1. cylinder

  2. cluster

  3. combiner

  4. compiler

  5. None of these


Correct Option: B

Which of the following is used to make a program run when the computer is switched on?

  1. Auto boot

  2. Warm boot

  3. Bubble

  4. Authentication

  5. None of these


Correct Option: A

The first mechanical calculating machine was made by

  1. William oughtred

  2. Gottfried Leibnitz

  3. Blaise Pascal

  4. Charles Babbage

  5. None of these


Correct Option: C

Most computers understand programs written in which of the following?

  1. Machine Language

  2. BASIC

  3. Any high level programming language

  4. Specific programming language

  5. None of these


Correct Option: A

A subset of characters within a data field is known as ____

  1. Record

  2. File

  3. Data string

  4. Byte

  5. None of these


Correct Option: C
Explanation:

A subset of characters within a data field is known as data string.
Data string is formed by a set of characters.

Which of the following is a special register that holds machine instructions?

  1. Control unit

  2. RAM

  3. Control instruction register

  4. ALU

  5. None of these


Correct Option: C

An input device with joystick is called a

  1. punched card

  2. paddle

  3. magnetic tape

  4. magnetic disk

  5. None of these


Correct Option: B

The process used to set up a program once the system is operational is called

  1. operating system

  2. black bon

  3. boot strap

  4. utility

  5. None of these


Correct Option: C
Explanation:

It is the initial process of the system.

Which of the follwoing programming languages is used for military applications?

  1. COBOL

  2. CORAL

  3. C

  4. FORTRAN

  5. None of these


Correct Option: D

A way of checking the data that has been moved or stored correctly is

  1. password

  2. prestle

  3. parity

  4. modem

  5. None of these


Correct Option: C
Explanation:

It is a technique used in data communication for checking wheather data has been received in the same sense in which it had been sent.

The floppy disk or diskette was first developed in early

  1. 1970

  2. 1965

  3. 1960

  4. 1976

  5. None of these


Correct Option: A

_________ is a large computer whose peripherals are mounted in a frame.

  1. Microcomputer

  2. Mainframe

  3. Minicomputer

  4. Supercomputer

  5. None of these


Correct Option: B

An assembly language is a division of

  1. binary language

  2. low-level language

  3. high-level language

  4. machine language

  5. None of these


Correct Option: B
Explanation:

Assembly level is a low-level language.

Translator of a high level language into the object code is called

  1. Interpreter

  2. Application program

  3. Compiler

  4. Assembler

  5. None of these


Correct Option: C

A sequence of one or more characters is a

  1. group

  2. string

  3. block

  4. field

  5. None of these


Correct Option: B

A built-in number that identifies a location in a storage is known as

  1. location

  2. register

  3. address

  4. accumulator

  5. None of these


Correct Option: C

The instruction code(s) in machine language or assembled language which specify(ies) the basic operations of the CPU is/are _____

  1. machine code.

  2. instruction code.

  3. opcode.

  4. All of the above

  5. None of these


Correct Option: C

The method used by COBOL to define the structure of a data item in terms of characters, digits, etc. is

  1. password

  2. pointer

  3. picture

  4. overlay

  5. None of these


Correct Option: C

A sizeable geographical area with communication based on telephone system has

  1. local area network

  2. wide area network

  3. modulator-demodulator

  4. All of the above

  5. None of these


Correct Option: B

The basic unit within a computer that is capable of holding a single unit of data is

  1. register

  2. ALU

  3. control unit

  4. store location

  5. None of these


Correct Option: B
Explanation:

 The basic unit within a computer that is capable of holding a single unit of data is ALU.

A group of characters used to identify a given low level instruction is

  1. file

  2. record

  3. key field

  4. label

  5. None of these


Correct Option: D

A computer in which data is represented by a continuously variable physical quantity is

  1. digital computer

  2. analog computer

  3. hybrid computer

  4. machine-in-built computer

  5. None of these


Correct Option: B

A location which is sometimes protected and used for specific purposes only is

  1. control unit

  2. CPU

  3. register

  4. memory

  5. None of these


Correct Option: C

One megabyte is equal to

  1. 1048576 bytes

  2. 211 bytes

  3. 102756 bytes

  4. 81100 bytes

  5. None of these


Correct Option: A

A secondary storage device with immediate access to any part of the stored data is

  1. direct access device

  2. printer

  3. keyboard

  4. punched card

  5. None of these


Correct Option: A
Explanation:

Correct Answer: direct access device
A direct-access storage device (DASD) is a secondary storage device in which "each physical record has a discrete location and a unique address." Disk drives, magnetic drums, data cells and optical disc drives are all classified as DASDs.

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