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English - 5 (Stenographer)

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Directions: Choose the word or phrase from the given options which is most similar in meaning to the key word.

Odious

  1. Admirable

  2. Adorable

  3. Hateful

  4. Ordinary


Correct Option: C
Explanation:

Option (3) is correct.

Directions: Fill in the blank with a suitable idiom/phrase:

The politicians these days are so corrupt. The public is suffering in poverty but they are ____________.

  1. raising eyebrows

  2. raising the roof

  3. raking in money

  4. raking over the ashes


Correct Option: C
Explanation:

Raking in money refers to making money in large quantities.

Directions: Choose the word/phrase which replaces the given expression.

A person who is easily taken in by clever talk

  1. creditable

  2. credible

  3. credulous

  4. sceptic


Correct Option: C
Explanation:

 Creditable is trust-worthy; credible is believable; sceptic is not easily trusting.

Directions: Choose the word opposite in meaning to the given word.

Impede

  1. Jeer

  2. Pour

  3. Banter

  4. Promote


Correct Option: D
Explanation:

'Impede' is to put obstacles; 'promote' is to facilitate occurrence.

Directions: Choose the option for the underlined phrase in the sentence so as to make the sentence grammatically correct and meaningful.

If I were him, I would settle the matter there and then.

  1. were him

  2. was him

  3. had been he

  4. were he

  5. was he


Correct Option: D
Explanation:

Correct as the verb and pronoun are in correct form. As 'I' supposes to be 'he' , and 'I' is the subject of the sentence, in the event of 'him' becoming the subject, the subjective mood 'he' is correct.

Directions: Fill in the blank with correct preposition.

He has developed aversion _________ all kinds of labour.

  1. for

  2. from

  3. with

  4. to


Correct Option: D

Directions: In the following question, a sentence has been given in Direct/Indirect form. Out of the four alternatives suggested, select the one which best expresses the same sentence in Indirect/Direct form.

They said, “We are enjoying the rain.”

  1. They said that we are enjoying the rain.

  2. They said that they are enjoying the rain.

  3. They said that they were enjoying the rain.

  4. They said that we were enjoying the rain.


Correct Option: C
Explanation:

A direct sentence in present continuous is changed to past continuous in reported speech. Thus, the correct option is ‘They said that they were enjoying the rain'.

Directions: In the following sentence, the parts marked P, Q, R and S have been jumbled up. Rearrange these parts in the right sequence to produce a correct sentence. Choose the option that shows the correct sequence of the parts.

The film ends

P. carrying the heroine
Q. about half way through the tunnel
R. with the train
S. suddenly coming to a halt

  1. QRSP

  2. SPRQ

  3. QSRP

  4. RPSQ


Correct Option: D
Explanation:

The film ends with the train carrying the heroine suddenly coming to a halt about half way through the tunnel.

Directions: Change the voice from active to passive and select the correct option.

Please help me.

  1. You were requested to help me.

  2. You are being requested to help me.

  3. You are requested to help me.

  4. You have been requested to help me.


Correct Option: C
Explanation:

While changing the voice, we interchange the respective places of the subject and the object. In passive voice, we always use the third form of the verb with the helping verb. Case of past simple tense. In such cases, we use 'is/are' with the third form of the verb.

Directions: Some parts of the sentence are underlined. One of the parts may have an error. Find out which part of the sentence has an error. Your answer is (4) if there is no error.

You dare not (1)/ to challenge her (2)/ in this game. (3)/ No error (4)

  1. (1)

  2. (2)

  3. (3)

  4. (4)


Correct Option: B
Explanation:

Remove ‘to’. The words: need not, dare, better and rather  are not followed by ’to’.

Fill blank (iii).

Directions: Read the following passage having some numbered blanks.

It was as black in the closet as old blood. They had ____(i)____ me in and locked the door. I breathed heavily through my nose, fighting desperately to ____(ii)____ calm. I tried counting to ten on every intake of breath and to eight as I released each one slowly into the darkness. Luckily for me, they had pulled the gag so tightly into my open mouth that my nostrils were left ____(iii)____ and I was able to draw in one slow lungful after another of the stale, musty air. I tried hooking my fingernails under the silk scarf that ____(iv)____ my hands behind me, but since I always bit them to the quick, there was nothing to catch. Jolly good luck then, that I'd remembered to put my fingertips together, using them as ten firm little bases to press my palms ____(v)____ as they had pulled the knots tight.

 

  1. bare

  2. unobstructed

  3. unhampered

  4. empty

  5. vacant


Correct Option: B
Explanation:
  1. bare – Something unconcealed or unadorned is bare.
    1. unobstructed – Something left without blocking to make it easy to pass is to leave it unobstructed. In this case, his nose was left uncovered so that he could breathe easily. 3. unhampered – Something that can proceed without interference is unhampered. 4. empty – Something that contains nothing is empty.

Fill blank (v).

Directions: Read the following passage having some numbered blanks.

It was as black in the closet as old blood. They had ____(i)____ me in and locked the door. I breathed heavily through my nose, fighting desperately to ____(ii)____ calm. I tried counting to ten on every intake of breath and to eight as I released each one slowly into the darkness. Luckily for me, they had pulled the gag so tightly into my open mouth that my nostrils were left ____(iii)____ and I was able to draw in one slow lungful after another of the stale, musty air. I tried hooking my fingernails under the silk scarf that ____(iv)____ my hands behind me, but since I always bit them to the quick, there was nothing to catch. Jolly good luck then, that I'd remembered to put my fingertips together, using them as ten firm little bases to press my palms ____(v)____ as they had pulled the knots tight.

 

  1. aloof

  2. loose

  3. ahead

  4. apart

  5. alongside


Correct Option: D
Explanation:
  1. aloof – Someone reserved or reticent is aloof.
    1. loose – Something free from restraints is loose. 3. ahead - It means something in front of someone. 4. apart – Something separate is apart. In this context, his palms were apart or away from each other.

Fill blank (ii).

Directions: Read the following passage having some numbered blanks.

It was as black in the closet as old blood. They had ____(i)____ me in and locked the door. I breathed heavily through my nose, fighting desperately to ____(ii)____ calm. I tried counting to ten on every intake of breath and to eight as I released each one slowly into the darkness. Luckily for me, they had pulled the gag so tightly into my open mouth that my nostrils were left ____(iii)____ and I was able to draw in one slow lungful after another of the stale, musty air. I tried hooking my fingernails under the silk scarf that ____(iv)____ my hands behind me, but since I always bit them to the quick, there was nothing to catch. Jolly good luck then, that I'd remembered to put my fingertips together, using them as ten firm little bases to press my palms ____(v)____ as they had pulled the knots tight.

 

  1. endure

  2. persevere

  3. survive

  4. remain

  5. persist


Correct Option: D
Explanation:
  1. endure – To endure is to bear hardship.
    1. persevere – To persevere is to continue with a specified work. 3. survive – To survive is to continue to live. 4. remain – To remain is to continue in the same specified state. This is correct in this context as the protagonist wants to stay calm inspite of being locked in the closet. This means that the protagonist tries not to become frightened or lose his cool.

Fill blank (iv).

Directions: Read the following passage having some numbered blanks.

It was as black in the closet as old blood. They had ____(i)____ me in and locked the door. I breathed heavily through my nose, fighting desperately to ____(ii)____ calm. I tried counting to ten on every intake of breath and to eight as I released each one slowly into the darkness. Luckily for me, they had pulled the gag so tightly into my open mouth that my nostrils were left ____(iii)____ and I was able to draw in one slow lungful after another of the stale, musty air. I tried hooking my fingernails under the silk scarf that ____(iv)____ my hands behind me, but since I always bit them to the quick, there was nothing to catch. Jolly good luck then, that I'd remembered to put my fingertips together, using them as ten firm little bases to press my palms ____(v)____ as they had pulled the knots tight.

 

  1. enslave

  2. bound

  3. coerced

  4. bent

  5. barricaded


Correct Option: B
Explanation:
  1. enslave - To make a slave of someone is to enslave them.
    1. bound – To tie something is to bind it. In this case, the protagonist is tied and bound. This is the correct answer. 3. coerced – To dominate someone by force is to coerce them. 4. bent – Something curved or crooked is bent.

Fill blank (i).

Directions: Read the following passage having some numbered blanks.

It was as black in the closet as old blood. They had ____(i)____ me in and locked the door. I breathed heavily through my nose, fighting desperately to ____(ii)____ calm. I tried counting to ten on every intake of breath and to eight as I released each one slowly into the darkness. Luckily for me, they had pulled the gag so tightly into my open mouth that my nostrils were left ____(iii)____ and I was able to draw in one slow lungful after another of the stale, musty air. I tried hooking my fingernails under the silk scarf that ____(iv)____ my hands behind me, but since I always bit them to the quick, there was nothing to catch. Jolly good luck then, that I'd remembered to put my fingertips together, using them as ten firm little bases to press my palms ____(v)____ as they had pulled the knots tight.

 

  1. crammed

  2. assembled

  3. shoved

  4. herded

  5. packed


Correct Option: C
Explanation:
  1. crammed – To fill something with force, so that it holds more than its capacity, is called cramming it.
    1. assembled – To bring people together in one place is to assemble them. 3. shoved – To push from behind with force is being shoved. This is the correct answer in this context as the protagonist has been locked inside a closet. 4. herded – To lead someone towards a place is to herd them.
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