Database (DBMS) Quiz

Description: Database (DBMS) Quiz
Number of Questions: 10
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Tags: database
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You are managing the in-house database systems.You need to ensure that the user AMY can execute all operations against the SALES relation. What SQL statement sequence will you use?

  1. GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES WHERE FROM ON TO

  2. GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES TO WHERE FROM

  3. GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES WHERE FROM TO

  4. GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON TO

  5. GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON WHERE FROM


Correct Option: D

AI Explanation

To ensure that the user AMY can execute all operations against the SALES relation, you can use the following SQL statement sequence:

D. GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON SALES TO AMY

Explanation:

The GRANT statement is used to grant privileges to a user in a database system. In this case, the goal is to grant all privileges on the SALES relation to the user AMY.

The correct syntax for the GRANT statement is:

GRANT [privileges] ON [relation] TO [user]

In this case, we want to grant all privileges on the SALES relation to the user AMY. Therefore, the correct statement is:

GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON SALES TO AMY

Option D is the correct answer because it matches the correct syntax and grants all privileges on the SALES relation to the user AMY.

  1. confusion in selection of optimal query execution method

  2. disk space consumption

  3. performance overhead

  4. security

  5. Either AB&C


Correct Option: E
Explanation:

To solve this question, the user needs to understand the purpose of secondary indexes and their impact on the database system.

Secondary indexes are additional indexes created on a table to improve the performance of database queries. They allow queries to search for data using columns other than the primary key, which can speed up query execution times. However, secondary indexes can also have a negative impact on the database in terms of disk space consumption and performance overhead.

Option A is incorrect because the selection of an optimal query execution method is not affected by the creation of secondary indexes. Query execution methods are determined by the database management system's query optimizer, which decides the best way to execute a query based on factors such as table statistics, query complexity, and available resources.

Option B is correct because secondary indexes require additional disk space to store the index data. This can be a significant issue for large databases with many indexes, as it can lead to increased storage costs and slower query performance due to disk I/O.

Option C is correct because secondary indexes can also lead to performance overhead when performing database operations such as insert, update, and delete. When these operations are performed, the database must update the primary index as well as any secondary indexes that reference the affected columns. This can lead to slower query execution times and increased system resource usage.

Option D is incorrect because the creation of secondary indexes does not have a direct impact on database security. However, it is important to ensure that only authorized users have access to create, modify, or delete indexes to maintain the security of the database.

Therefore, the correct answer is:

The Answer is: E

Which of the following are the factors to consider when you want to select a DBMS based on the criteria of physical capabilities, as recommended by CIW ?

  1. hardware requirements

  2. data compression support

  3. encryption support

  4. All of the above


Correct Option: D
Explanation:

To select a DBMS based on the criteria of physical capabilities, CIW recommends considering the following factors:

A. hardware requirements: This factor refers to the specific hardware specifications and resources that the DBMS requires to run efficiently. It includes considerations such as processing power, memory, storage capacity, and network requirements. Considering hardware requirements is important to ensure that the chosen DBMS can be effectively deployed on the available infrastructure.

B. data compression support: This factor relates to the ability of the DBMS to compress data, which can help in reducing storage space and improving overall performance. Data compression can be especially beneficial when dealing with large datasets or limited storage resources. Considering data compression support is crucial for optimizing storage efficiency and minimizing costs.

C. encryption support: This factor pertains to the DBMS's capability to encrypt data, ensuring its confidentiality and integrity. Encryption is essential for protecting sensitive information from unauthorized access or tampering. Considering encryption support is vital for ensuring data security and compliance with privacy regulations.

D. All of the above: This option is the correct answer as CIW recommends considering all of the factors mentioned above when selecting a DBMS based on physical capabilities. Considering all these factors ensures that the chosen DBMS aligns with the organization's hardware capabilities, storage efficiency requirements, and data security needs.

Therefore, the correct answer is: D. All of the above.

  1. Class.callName("sun.jdbc.odbc.JdbcOdbcDriver");

  2. Class.forName("sun.jdbc.odbc.JdbcOdbcDriver");

  3. Class.callfunc("JdbcOdbcDriver");

  4. Class.Name.init("sun.jdbc.odbc.JdbcOdbcDriver");


Correct Option: B
Explanation:

To use the JDBC-ODBC Bridge driver in a program, you would use the following code:

The Answer is: B

Explanation:

The correct code to use when you want to make use of the JDBC-ODBC Bridge driver is:

Class.forName("sun.jdbc.odbc.JdbcOdbcDriver");

Option A is incorrect because there is no method callName() that can be used to call the driver.

Option C is incorrect because there is no method callfunc() that can be used to call the driver.

Option D is incorrect because there is no method init() available in the Class.Name package.

Which of the following correctly describe the sequence of the DBMS operational process?

  1. User issues request -> DBMS retrieves relevant mappings and executes the request DBMS intercepts the request DBMS presents the request to the user.

  2. User issues request -> DBMS intercepts the request DBMS retrieves relevant mappings and executes the request DBMS presents the request to the user.

  3. User issues request -> DBMS retrieves relevant mappings and executes the request DBMS presents the request to the user DBMS intercepts the request.

  4. None of the above


Correct Option: B
Explanation:

In a DBMS operational process, the correct sequence is typically as follows:

User issues request -> DBMS intercepts the request -> DBMS retrieves relevant mappings and executes the request -> DBMS presents the request to the user.

Let's go through each option and determine if it matches the correct sequence:

A. User issues request -> DBMS retrieves relevant mappings and executes the request -> DBMS intercepts the request -> DBMS presents the request to the user.

This option does not match the correct sequence. The DBMS intercepts the request before retrieving relevant mappings and executing the request.

B. User issues request -> DBMS intercepts the request -> DBMS retrieves relevant mappings and executes the request -> DBMS presents the request to the user.

This option matches the correct sequence. The DBMS intercepts the request first, followed by retrieving relevant mappings, executing the request, and presenting the request to the user.

C. User issues request -> DBMS retrieves relevant mappings and executes the request -> DBMS presents the request to the user -> DBMS intercepts the request.

This option does not match the correct sequence. The DBMS intercepts the request after retrieving relevant mappings and executing the request.

Therefore, the correct answer is:

B. User issues request -> DBMS intercepts the request -> DBMS retrieves relevant mappings and executes the request -> DBMS presents the request to the user.

None of the above options match the correct sequence.

You reject someone's proposal to use File-based databases. Which of the following are the disadvantages of such databases?

  1. repetition of data

  2. separation of data

  3. incompatibility of files

  4. data dependence

  5. All of the above


Correct Option: E
Explanation:

To answer this question, the user needs to know the basics of file-based databases and their disadvantages.

File-based databases are systems that store data in individual files. Each file contains a unique set of data, and related files are linked together to create a database. Although file-based databases were once popular, they have several disadvantages that make them less desirable than modern database management systems (DBMSs).

Now, let's go through each option and explain why it is right or wrong:

A. Repetition of data: This option is correct. In file-based databases, each file contains its unique data, which means that the same data can appear in multiple files. This redundancy can lead to inconsistencies and data synchronization issues, which can be difficult to resolve.

B. Separation of data: This option is correct. Since file-based databases store data in individual files, related data can be spread over multiple files. This separation of data makes it challenging to retrieve data from multiple sources and can lead to issues with data integrity.

C. Incompatibility of files: This option is correct. Different file-based databases may use different file formats, making it difficult to share data between systems. This incompatibility can lead to issues with data migration and system interoperability.

D. Data dependence: This option is correct. The data in file-based databases are typically tightly coupled with the applications that use them. This dependence can make it challenging to modify or update the database without affecting the application, leading to issues with maintainability and scalability.

E. All of the above: This option is correct. All of the above options describe the disadvantages of file-based databases.

Therefore, the correct answer is: E. All of the above.

  1. A CachedRowSet class

  2. A JavaSource class

  3. A WebRowSet class

  4. A JDBCRowSet class

  5. Either AC&D


Correct Option: E

Which of the following correctly describe the locking mechanism in a RDBMS?

  1. A read lock prevents other transactions from reading the locked data

  2. A write lock prevents other transactions from reading or writing to the locked data

  3. Multiple transactions can have write locks on the same data item.

  4. Multiple transactions can have read locks on the same data item.

  5. Either B&D


Correct Option: E
  1. Fixed length string of n characters

  2. Variable length string up to n characters

  3. Floating point number of p bits precision

  4. 16-bit signed integer

  5. 32-bit signed integer


Correct Option: B
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