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Indian Geography - 1

Description: Indian Geography - 2
Number of Questions: 30
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Tags: Indian Geography Indian Political Geography Indian Geography - 2
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Match List - I (Mangrove) with List - Il (State):

 
List - I (Mangrove) List - II (State)
A. Achra Ratnagiri 1. Karnataka
B. Coondapur 2. Kerala
C. Pichavaram 3. Andhra Pradesh
D. Vembanad 4. Maharashtra
5. Tamil Nadu
  1. A - 2; B - 1; C - 5; D - 4

  2. A - 4; B - 5; C - 3; D - 2

  3. A - 2; B - 5; C - 3; D - 4

  4. A - 4; B - 1; C - 5; D - 2


Correct Option: D
Explanation:

Achra Ratnagiri mangrove is in Maharashtra, Coondapur mangrove is in Karnataka, Pichavaram mangrove is in Tamil Nadu and Vembanad mangrove is in Kerala.

Open stunted forests with bushes and small trees having long roots and sharp thorns or spines are commonly found in

  1. eastern Odisha

  2. north-eastern Tamil Nadu

  3. Shivalik and Terai region

  4. western Andhra Pradesh


Correct Option: D
Explanation:

Open stunted forests with bushes and small trees having long roots and sharp thorns or spines are commonly found in the area where the rainfall is less than 80 cm.

The sea coast of which of the following states has become famous as a nesting place for the Giant Olive Ridley turtles from South America?

  1. Goa

  2. Gujarat

  3. Odisha

  4. Tamil Nadu


Correct Option: C
Explanation:

The sea coast of Orissa is famous as a nesting place for Giant Olive Ridley turtles from South America.

The average annual temperature of a meteorological station is 26°C, its average annual rainfall is 63 cm and the annual range of temperature is 9oC’. The station in question is

  1. Allahabad

  2. Chennai

  3. Cherrapunji

  4. Kolkata


Correct Option: B
Explanation:

The climatic condition of Chennai is tropical savanna type where the average annual temperature of meterological station is 26°C and average rainfall is 63 cm and annual range of temperature is 9°C.

With reference to Indian transport systems, consider the following statements:

  1. Indian railway system is the largest in the world.
  2. National highways cater to 45 percent of the total road transport demand.
  3. Among the states, Kerala has the highest density of surface roads.
  4. National highway No. 7 is the longest in the country.

Which of the above statements are correct?

  1. 1 and 2

  2. 1 and 3

  3. 2 and 3

  4. 2 and 4


Correct Option: D
Explanation:

Indian railway is the fourth largest railway in the world after USA, Russia and China. National highways are nearly 2% (1.96%) of total roads.

The correct sequence of the eastward flowing rivers of the peninsular India from north to south is

  1. Subarnarekha, Mahanadi, Godavari, Krishna, Pennar, Cauvery and Vagai

  2. Subarnarekha, Mahanadi, Krishna, Godavari, Cauvery and Vagai

  3. Mahanadi, Subarnarekha, Godavari, Krishna, Cauvery, Pennar and Vagai

  4. Mahanadi, Subarnarekha, Krishna, Godavari, Cauvery, Vagai and Pennar


Correct Option: A
Explanation:

The correct sequence of eastward flowing rivers of peninsular India from north to south is Subarnarekha, Mahanadi, Godavari, Krishna, Pennar, Cauvery and Vagai.

The approximate age of the Aravallis range is

  1. 370 million years

  2. 470 million years

  3. 570 million years

  4. 670 million years


Correct Option: A
Explanation:

The Aravallis range are the oldest mountains in India.

Consider the following statements regarding power sector in India:

  1. The installed capacity of power generation is around 95000 MW.
  2. Nuclear plants contribute nearly 15% of total power generation.
  3. Hydroelectricity plants contribute nearly 40% of total power generation.
  4. Thermal plants at present account for nearly 80% of total power generation.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

  1. 1 only

  2. 2 and 3

  3. 3 and 4

  4. 1 and 4


Correct Option: A
Explanation:

According to the data of 2000, the power generation is 95000 MW. Nuclear plants contribute 2% of total power generation.

Assertion A : Anticyclonic conditions are formed in winter season when atmospheric pressure is high and air temperatures are low, Reason R : Winter rainfall in northern India causes development of anticyclonic conditions with low temperatures.

  1. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A.

  2. Both A and R are true but R is not a correct explanation of A.

  3. A is true but R is false.

  4. A is false but R is true.


Correct Option: A
Explanation:

Both assertion and reason are true and reason is correct explanation of assertion.

In the shaded area of the above map, the mean temperature for the month of July varies between

  1. 22.5C - 25.0oC

  2. 25.0oC - 27.5oC

  3. 27.5oC - 30.0oC

  4. 30.0oC - 32.5oC


Correct Option: C
Explanation:

In the given map, the shaded area indicates the tropical wet and dry region.

Assertion A: Ganga plain is the most densely populated part of India. Reason R: Ganga is the most harnessed river of India.

  1. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A.

  2. Both A and R are true, but R is not the correct explanation of A.

  3. A is true, but R is false.

  4. A is false, but R is true.


Correct Option: B
Explanation:

The Ganga plain is the most important plain of India. The Gangetic plain covers more than a fourth of the country’s total surface.

Assertion A: The frequency of floods in north Indian plains has increased during the last couple of decades. Reason R: There has been a reduction in the depth of river valleys due to deposition of silt.

  1. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A.

  2. Both A and R are true, but R is not the correct explanation of A.

  3. A is true, but R is false.

  4. A is false, but R is true.


Correct Option: A
Explanation:

Siltation is the process of deposition of silt on the river bed through dam water.

Which of the following pairs of primitive tribe and place of inhabitation is NOT correctly matched?

  1. Buksa : Pauri-Garhwal

  2. Kol : Jabalpur

  3. Munda : Chhota Nagpur

  4. Korba : Kodagu


Correct Option: D
Explanation:

Korba tribe in found in Chhota Nagpur of Chhattisgarh and Jharkhand.

Match the locations of the ports labelled as A, B, C and D in the given map with the names of those ports and select the correct answer.

Names of ports:

  1. Kakinada
  2. Karwar
  3. Mangalore
  4. Tuticorin
  5. Veraval
  1. A – 4; B – 2; C – 3; D – 5

  2. A – 5; B – 2; C – 4; D – 1

  3. A – 1; B – 3; C – 4; D – 2

  4. A – 5; B – 3; C – 2; D – 1


Correct Option: B
Explanation:

In the given map, ‘A’ is Veraval in Gujarat, ‘B’ marked port is Karwar in Karnataka, ‘C’ marked port is Tuticorin in Tamil Nadu and ‘D’ marked port is Kakinada in Andhra Pradesh.

Which of the following statements is not true?

  1. Ghaggar's water is utilised in the Indira Gandhi canal.

  2. Nirmala rises from Amarkantak region.

  3. Nizam Sagar is situated on the Manjra river.

  4. Penganga is a tributary of the Godavari.


Correct Option: A
Explanation:

Indira Gandhi acnal originated from Harike barrage at Sultanpur on Sutlej.

At which of the following positions of the moon shown in the diagram will the height of the ocean tide on Earth be the maximum?

  1. M1

  2. M2

  3. M3

  4. M4


Correct Option: D
Explanation:

At ‘M4’, the height of the tide will be the maximum.

Ravva offshore block, with great potential for oil, is located in

  1. Krishna-Godavari basin

  2. Cauvery basin

  3. Mahanadi basin

  4. Palar-Pennar basin


Correct Option: A
Explanation:

 Ravva offshore block is in Krishna—Godavari basin of Andhra Pradesh.

If it is 10.00 am IST, then what would be the local time in Shillong on 92o E longitude?

  1. 9.38 am

  2. 10.38 am

  3. 10.22 am

  4. 9.22 am


Correct Option: B

In the rough outline map of Jammu and Kashmir shown in the figure, places marked A, B, C and D respectively represent

  1. Anantnag, Baramula, Srinagar and Kargil

  2. Baramula, Srinagar, Kargil and Anantnag

  3. Baramula, Srinagar, Anantnag and Kargil

  4. Srinagar, Baramula, Kargil and Anantnag


Correct Option: C
Explanation:

In the given figure, ‘A’ is Baramula, ‘B’ is Srinagar, ‘C’ is Anantnag and ‘D’ is Kargil.

Which of the following pairs of state and tribe is not correctly matched?

  1. Assam : Miri

  2. Nagaland : Konyak

  3. Arunachal Pradesh : Apatani

  4. Madhya Pradesh : Lambada


Correct Option: D
Explanation:

Lambada tribes are found in Rajasthan and not in Madhya Pradesh.

The first marine sanctuary in India, having within its bounds coral reefs, mollusca, dolphins, tortoises and various kinds of sea birds, has been established in

  1. Sundarbans

  2. Chilka Lake

  3. Gulf of Kutch

  4. Lakshadweep


Correct Option: C
Explanation:

Gulf of Kutch in 1980, 270 km from Obha to Sadiya

In the given figure, the site of the Tehri dam has been labelled as

  1. A

  2. B

  3. C

  4. D


Correct Option: C
Explanation:

In the given map, the site of Tehri dam is “C”, which lies in Uttaranchal.

The minimum land area recommended for forest cover to maintain proper ecological balance in India is

  1. 25%

  2. 33%

  3. 43%

  4. 53%


Correct Option: B
Explanation:

For proper ecological balance, 33% of forest land is recommended, but in India, we have only 20.14% of forest coverage.

“India has the largest population of the Asian X. Today, there are just about 20,000 to 25,000 X in their natural habitats spreading across the evergreen forests, dry thorn forests, swamps and grasslands. Their prime habitats, are however the moist deciduous forests. The X population in India is spread from north-west India where they are found in the forest divisions of Dehradun, Bijnor and National districts of UP to the Western Ghats in the states of Karnataka and Kerala and Tamil Nadu. In Central India, their population is distributed over Southern Bihar and Odisha. In the East, they are seen in North Bengal, Assam and a few other states.” The animal “X” referred to in this quotation is

  1. lion

  2. elephant

  3. tiger

  4. one-horned rhinoceros


Correct Option: B

Which of the following pairs of cities has recently been connected through a 6-lane express way?

  1. Ahmedabad : Vadodara

  2. Dhaka : Chittagong

  3. Islamabad : Lahore

  4. Mumbai : Pune


Correct Option: A

Which of the following sets of states stands to benefit the most from Konkan Railway?

  1. Goa, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Kerala

  2. Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, Kerala

  3. Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Coa, Maharashtra

  4. Gujarat, Maharashtra, Goa, Tamil Nadu


Correct Option: A
Explanation:

Konkan Railway route connects Roha in Maharashtra with Mangalore in Karnataka. Konkan Railway was established with the partnership of three states, Maharashtra, Goa and Karnataka.

Among the Indian states labelled 1, 2, 3 and 4 in the rough outline map given below, the correct sequence in descending order of the percentage of scheduled tribe population to their total population is

  1. 1, 3, 2, 4

  2. 3, 1, 2, 4

  3. 3, 1, 4, 2

  4. 1, 3, 4, 2


Correct Option: B
Explanation:

According to the Census of India 2001, schedule tribe population in Mizoram is 94.75%, Arunachal Pradesh has 63.66% as schedule tribe, Manipur has 34.4% and Odisha has 22.21% of tribal population.

Which of the following is the correct sequence of the states (labelled 1, 2, 3 and 4) of India shown on the map in descending order in terms of available ground water resources for irrigation?

  1. 3, 4, 1, 2

  2. 3, 4, 2, 1

  3. 4, 3, 1, 2

  4. 4, 3, 2, 1


Correct Option: D
Explanation:

Uttar Pradesh is the state where 9,384,000 hectares of area is covered by ground water irrigation. Maharashtra covers 1,912,000 hectares, West Bengal covers 1,397,000 hectares and Assam covers 732,599 hectares for ground water irrigation. 

Some people in Manipur live in houses built on floating islands of weeds and decaying vegetation held together by suspended silt. These are called

  1. Tipis

  2. Barkhans

  3. Phoomdis

  4. Izba


Correct Option: C
Explanation:

Some people in Manipur live in houses built on floating islands of weeds and decaying vegetation held together by suspended silt. These islands are called “Phoomdis”.

The four railway junctions shown by numerals 1, 2, 3 and 4 on the given rough outline map of Gujarat, respectively are

  1. Palanpur, Mahesana, Ahmedabad and Vadodara

  2. Mahesana, Surendranagar, Rajkot and Junagarh

  3. Palanpur, Kanda, Bhuj and Okla

  4. Ahmedabad, Vadodara, Bhavnagar and Broach


Correct Option: B
Explanation:

 Option 2 is correct.

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